Published or Sticker Prices
Across all sectors, published prices rose much more slowly from 2013-14 to 2018-19 than in the preceding five years.
- From 2017-18 to 2018-19, tuition and fees increased less than 4% across all sectors before adjusting for inflation.
- From 1988-89 to 2018-19, average tuition and fees tripled at public four-year and more than doubled at public two-year and private nonprofit four-year institutions, after adjusting for inflation.
One Price Doesn't Fit All
Published college prices vary widely, depending on the type of institution and where it's located.
- Across the 50 states and the District of Columbia, average 2018-19 in-district tuition and fees in 2018-19 range from $1,430 in California to $8,190 in Vermont.
- Average 2018-19 in-state tuition and fees range from $5,400 in Wyoming to over $16,000 in New Hampshire and Vermont.
Over 70% of full-time undergraduate students receive grant aid that helps them pay for college.
- At public two-year and public four-year institutions, the estimated 2018-19 average net tuition and fees for full-time undergraduate students are higher than they were for 2008-09; at private nonprofit four-year institutions, the estimated average is about the same as it was for 2008-09.
- In 2015-16, more than half of full-time students at public two-year institutions and more than a quarter of full-time students at public four-year institutions received enough grant aid to completely cover their tuition and fees.
- In that same academic year, full-time students were more likely to pay less than $5,000 in net tuition and fees at private nonprofit institutions than at for-profit institutions.
The income gap between families with the lowest and highest incomes is growing.
- From 1987 to 2017, families with incomes in the bottom 20% saw their incomes rise 8%, compared to income increases of 46% for families in the top 20%.
See Figures 20A, 20B for more details.
2016-17 was the fifth year in a row that state and local funding per student increased after four years of decline.
- In 2011-12, funding per student was $6,320 (in 2016 dollars).
- In 2016-17, funding per student was $7,640.
See Figures 15A, 15B for more details.
In recent years, enrollment at public two-year and for-profit institutions has been declining.
- In fall 2016, about 1 million fewer students enrolled at public two-year colleges than enrolled in fall 2010. That’s a decline of 12%.
- For the same years, about 840,000 fewer students enrolled at for-profit institutions. That’s a decline of 42%.
See Figure 21 for more details.
To find out more about any of the highlighted data, visit our resource library or download the full Trends in College Pricing 2018 report.