In 2015-16, full-time dependent students from families with incomes below $35,000 at private nonprofit doctoral universities received almost twice as much institutional aid as those from families with incomes of $120,000 or more. At master’s universities, the two groups received similar amounts of institutional aid.
At private nonprofit institutions, the share of institutional grant aid that is need-based is highest at doctoral and lowest at master’s universities.
In 2015-16, the average published tuition and fee price was $12,190 higher for out-of-state than for in-state dependent students ($22,460 vs. $10,270); the difference in institutional grant aid ($5,380 vs. $1,930) narrowed this gap by $3,450.
- Full-time out-of-state students at public four-year institutions were less likely to be independent than in-state students (11% vs. 18%). Out-of-state dependent students were more likely to be from families with incomes of $120,000 or higher than in-state students (44% vs. 25%).
Figure 25A: Average Need-Based and Non-Need-Based Institutional Grant Aid at Private Nonprofit Four-Year Institutions by Dependency Status and Family Income, 2015-16
Figure 25B: Average Need-Based and Non-Need-Based Institutional Grant Aid at Public Four-Year Institutions by State Residency, Dependency Status, and Family Income, 2015-16
NOTES: Includes full-time students attending one institution in 2015-16. Percentages in parentheses are shares of undergraduate students in each group. Averages include students who did not receive institutional grants. Does not include federal, state or other grant aid.
SOURCES: NCES, NPSAS, 2016; calculations by the authors.
- About three-quarters of full-time undergraduates at private nonprofit doctoral, master’s, and bachelor’s institutions received institutional grant aid in 2015-16.
- In 2015-16, 39% of full-time in-state and 54% of out-of-state students at public four-year colleges and universities received institutional grant aid.