Between 2008-09 and 2018-19, average published tuition and fee prices rose by $930 (in 2018 dollars) at public two-year colleges, by $2,670 at public four-year institutions, and by $7,390 at private nonprofit four-year colleges and universities.
- The average published tuition and fee price at private nonprofit four-year institutions was 5.1 times the average price at public four-year institutions in 1988-89 and 3.5 times that price in 2018-19.
Table 2: Average Tuition and Fees and Room and Board (Enrollment-Weighted) in Current Dollars and in 2018 Dollars, 1971-72 to 2018-19
NOTES: Average tuition and fee prices reflect in-district charges for public two-year institutions and in-state charges for public four-year institutions
SOURCES: College Board, Annual Survey of Colleges; NCES, IPEDS Fall Enrollment data.
- The increases in the net prices that students actually pay, after taking grant aid and tax benefits into consideration, have been smaller over the long term than increases in published prices. See Figures 8, 9, and 10 for details on net prices over time.
- The price increases reported in Table 1 are higher than those in Table 2 because they are not adjusted for inflation.