The average published tuition and fee price for full-time in-state students at public four-year colleges and universities is $10,440 in 2019-20, $230 (2.3% before adjusting for inflation) higher than it was in 2018-19.
The 2019-20 increase in published tuition and fees was largest in the private nonprofit sector, where the average price increased by 3.4% ($1,200) to $36,880.
The average published tuition and fee price at public doctoral universities is 27% higher than that at public master’s universities ($11,380 vs. $8,990). In the private nonprofit sector, this difference is 46% ($45,380 vs. $31,140).
- The $14,600 average tuition and fee price for full-time students enrolled in for-profit institutions in 2018-19 was about four times as high as the average price at public two-year colleges and 1.4 times as high as the average in-state price at public four-year institutions that year.
Table 1: Average Tuition and Fees and Room and Board in Current Dollars, 2018-19 and 2019-20
NOTES: Prices in Table 1 are not adjusted for inflation. Prices reported for 2018-19 have been revised to reflect the most recent information and may differ from those reported in Trends in College Pricing 2018. Public two-year room and board charges are estimated based on commuter housing and food costs. Prices for the for-profit sector are from IPEDS and the latest available data are for 2018-19.
Enrollment-weighted tuition values represent the price charged by each institution weighted by the number of full-time undergraduate students enrolled in fall 2017. Public four-year in-state charges are weighted by total fall 2017 full-time undergraduate enrollment in each institution, including both in-state students and out-of-state students. Out-of-state tuition and fees are computed by adding the average in-state price to the out-of-state premium weighted by the number of full-time out-of-state undergraduate students enrolled at each institution. Room and board charges are weighted by the number of undergraduate students residing on campus for four-year institutions and by the number of commuter students for public two-year institutions.
SOURCES: College Board, Annual Survey of Colleges; NCES, IPEDS Fall 2017 Enrollment data and IPEDS 2018 Institutional Characteristics data.
- The prices shown in Table 1 are published or sticker prices. In 2015-16, about three-quarters of full-time undergraduate students received grants that reduced the actual price of college (NPSAS, 2016). Average institutional grant aid is generally higher at higher-price institutions. In addition, many states and institutions grant tuition waivers to groups such as veterans, teachers, or dependents of employees.
- The prices shown in Table 1 are for one academic year. The total price of a college education depends on how long a student is enrolled before completing a degree—frequently more than four years for a bachelor’s degree and more than two years for an associate degree.
- The prices shown in Table 1 are for full-time students. Prices for part-time students are typically less than those for full-time students.
- About 19% of full-time public two-year students are in California, which has the lowest tuition and fee price in that sector. Excluding California raises the average published price of public two-year colleges from $3,730 to $4,260.