Strong academic performance in college, as measured by first-year grades, is important for a host of reasons, but perhaps the most critical reason is that students who perform well in their first year of college are more likely to earn a bachelor’s degree (Adelman, 2006). Research shows that Advanced Placement Program® (AP®) students, particularly those who earn higher AP Exam scores, are likely to earn higher first-year grade point averages (GPAs) and higher subject-area GPAs in college than students who do not take an AP Exam.
- Students from lower-income families have the greatest need for college counseling, yet have the least access to counselors.
- Inadequate school finances, insufficient counselor training programs, and a lack of clarity about how school counselors should allocate their time generate barriers to effective college counseling.
- A substantial number of novel counseling, coaching, and mentoring programs demonstrate effectiveness at increasing FAFSA completion, college application, college.
- Students tend to submit too few college applications and do notapply to enough “reach” and“match” colleges.
- The application barriers they face may be procedural,geographical, cultural,informational, or financial.
- Potential solutions to reduce and remove these barriers includeprograms that substantially alterthe usual application processes,provide information about andsupport outreach by colleges,promote the use of collegeapplication fee waivers, andimprove college counseling.
Institution Aid Patterns at Public and Private Colleges and Universities
Summary of the report analysis and findings.
Research Brief. Using a 2004 sample of students who applied to at least one four-year college, this research brief finds that applying to more colleges causally increases students’ probabilities of enrolling in a four-year college, especially for those lower-income students applying to only one or two colleges.
Literature Brief. This brief gives an overview of the prevalence, causes, and consequences of college remediation, which aims to improve basic literacy skills among college students.
Research brief. This brief studies California's introduction of the Early Assessment Program to bridge the gap between K-12 educational standards and postsecondary education requirements, similar to the Common Core State Standards movement.
Literature Brief. This brief gives an overview of the prevalence, causes, and consequences of students' postsecondary choices.
Research Brief. This brief examines variation across U.S. public high schools in students' postsecondary choices. The results indicate that some high schools are substantially more successful than others at guiding students to choose postsecondary alternatives that are well-aligned to their academic credentials.