SAT Data Tables

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June 20, 2012 - 16:25 -- kmcginley

Interpreting SAT and SAT Subject Test scores

SAT Program data provide important information about test characteristics, prediction, validity and reliability.

Below is a list of data tables for use in interpreting SAT and Subject Test scores. SAT tables on this page reflect the old SAT. For information on interpreting scores for the new SAT, see Understanding Scores.

These tables are available for download in PDF format.

A list of Statistical Definitions can help you to understand the statistical terms mentioned in the tables.

Requires Adobe Reader (latest version recommended).





SAT Raw Score to Scaled Score Ranges (.pdf/64KB)

Test Characteristics of the SAT (.pdf/80KB)

This table shows that the test is reliable and appropriately difficult and that a sufficient amount of time is allocated for each test section.

Percentage of Students with Senior Year Score Gain or Loss (.pdf/97.2KB)

These tables show changes in scores over time.

SAT One-Year Mean Score Changes (.pdf/59.5KB)

Test Scores of Nontraditional Test-Takers (seventh- and eighth-graders and adults) (.pdf/89K)

Comparing Group Scores on the SAT (graph) (.pdf/153K)

Use this information to determine when a difference between two group mean scores is statistically significant — and when it is not.

Comparing Group Scores on the SAT (table) (.pdf/89K)


SAT Subject Tests



Test Performance

Subject Test Percentile Ranks(.pdf/160KB)

Percentiles compare students who took the same Subject Test, and are used to find out how students performed on the test.

Subject Test Subscore Percentile Ranks (.pdf/85.4KB)

Subject Tests in Languages — Total Score and Subscore Percentile Ranks for Students Who Studied a Language in High School (.pdf/98.6KB)

Performance by Years of Study

Subject Tests in Languages — Performance by Years of Study (.pdf/69.5KB)

Use this table to find out how scores change with varying levels of language instruction.

Subject Tests Characteristics (Reliability, Difficulty Levels, Completion Rates)

Test Characteristics of the SAT Subject Tests (.pdf/120KB)

This table shows that Subject Tests are reliable and appropriately difficult.