Interpreting SAT and SAT Subject Test scores
SAT Program data provide important information about test characteristics, prediction, validity and reliability.
Below is a list of data tables for use in interpreting SAT and Subject Test scores. SAT tables on this page reflect the old SAT. For information on interpreting scores for the new SAT, see Understanding Scores.
These tables are available for download in PDF format.
A list of Statistical Definitions can help you to understand the statistical terms mentioned in the tables.
Requires Adobe Reader (latest version recommended).
These tables show changes in scores over time.
Subject Test Percentile Ranks(.pdf/160KB)
Percentiles compare students who took the same Subject Test, and are used to find out how students performed on the test.
Subject Test Subscore Percentile Ranks (.pdf/342KB)
Performance by Years of Study
Use this table to find out how scores change with varying levels of language instruction.
Subject Tests Characteristics (Reliability, Difficulty Levels, Completion Rates)
Test Characteristics of the SAT Subject Tests (.pdf/120KB)
This table shows that Subject Tests are reliable and appropriately difficult.