Interpreting SAT and SAT Subject Test scores
SAT Program data provide important information about test characteristics, prediction, validity and reliability.
Below is a list of data tables for use in interpreting SAT and Subject Test scores. SAT tables on this page reflect the old SAT. For information on interpreting scores for the new SAT, click here.
These tables are available for download in PDF format.
A list of Statistical Definitions can help you to understand the statistical terms mentioned in the tables.
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This table shows that the test is reliable and appropriately difficult and that a sufficient amount of time is allocated for each test section.
These tables show changes in scores over time.
Comparing Group Scores on the SAT (graph) (.pdf/153K)
Use this information to determine when a difference between two group mean scores is statistically significant — and when it is not.
Comparing Group Scores on the SAT (table) (.pdf/89K)
SAT Subject Tests
Subject Test Percentile Ranks(.pdf/989Kb)
Percentiles compare students who took the same Subject Test, and are used to find out how students performed on the test.
Performance by Years of Study
Use this table to find out how scores change with varying levels of language instruction.
Subject Tests Characteristics (Reliability, Difficulty Levels, Completion Rates)
This table shows that Subject Tests are reliable and appropriately difficult.