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Differential Item and Person Functioning in Large-Scale Writing Assessments Within the Context of the SAT

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Date: 
2014-09-15
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The purpose of this study is to illustrate the use of explanatory models based on Rasch measurement theory to detect systematic relationships between student and item characteristics and achievement differences using differential item functioning (DIF), differential group functioning (DGF), and differential person functioning (DPF) techniques. The major focus of the analyses in this study was to demonstrate a set of methodological techniques that can be used to better understand subgroup performance on a large-scale writing assessment, rather than to conduct bias or sensitivity reviews.

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Can Applying to More Colleges Increase Enrollment Rates?

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Date: 
2011-10-01
Jonathan Smith
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Research Brief. Using a 2004 sample of students who applied to at least one four-year college, this research brief finds that applying to more colleges causally increases students’ probabilities of enrolling in a four-year college, especially for those lower-income students applying to only one or two colleges.

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Hispanic-Serving Institutions: Contributions and Challenges

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Date: 
2011-10-01
Lindsey E. Malcom-Piqueux
John Michael Lee Jr.
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Research brief. This brief presents information about the characteristics of the nation’s Hispanic-serving institutions (HSIs) and their students, as well as the HSIs’ contributions to the educational attainment of the Latino population.

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Collegiate Remediation: A Review of the Causes and Consequences

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Date: 
2012-09-01
Michal Kurlaender
Jessica Howell
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Literature Brief. This brief gives an overview of the prevalence, causes, and consequences of college remediation, which aims to improve basic literacy skills among college students.

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K–12 Postsecondary Alignment and School Accountability: Investigating High School Responses to California’s Early Assessment Program

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Date: 
2012-09-01
Michal Kurlaender
Jacob Jackson
Jessica Howell
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Research brief. This brief studies California's introduction of the Early Assessment Program to bridge the gap between K-12 educational standards and postsecondary education requirements, similar to the Common Core State Standards movement.

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A Review of the Causes and Consequences of Students' Postsecondary Choices

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Date: 
2012-10-01
Jonathan Smith
Matea Pender
Jessica Howell
Michael Hurwitz
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Literature Brief. This brief gives an overview of the prevalence, causes, and consequences of students' postsecondary choices.

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College Choice: Informing Students' Trade-Offs Between Institutional Price and College Completion

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Date: 
2012-10-01
Matea Pender
Michael Hurwitz
Jonathan Smith
Jessica Howell
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Policy Brief. This brief examines the potential trade-off students face between the net price of attendance and the likelihood of completing a college degree when they make their postsecondary choices. The results suggest that students from low-income families could attend colleges where they have a substantially higher probability of completing a degree and face no increase in net price.

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The Role of High Schools in Students' Postsecondary Choices

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Date: 
2012-10-01
Michael Hurwitz
Jonathan Smith
Jessica Howell
Matea Pender
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Research Brief. This brief examines variation across U.S. public high schools in students' postsecondary choices. The results indicate that some high schools are substantially more successful than others at guiding students to choose postsecondary alternatives that are well-aligned to their academic credentials.

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Measuring the Impact of High School Counselors on College Enrollment

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Date: 
2013-02-01
Michael Hurwitz
Jessica Howell
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Research Brief. This brief examines high school counselor staffing counts relative to four-year college enrollment rates. Recent evidence from a national survey of counselors provides support for claims by counselors and school administrators that current counselor staffing levels are suboptimal. An additional high school counselor is predicted to induce a 10 percentage point increase in four-year college enrollment.

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